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After the attack on Pearl harbor during WWII, thousands looked to volunteer in civil defense units. The Council of National Defense had been established by the U.S. government during WWI and was followed by the Office of Civil Defense in 1941. States were not in support of the federal government having control over civil defense and they all created their own civil defense organizations. A Junior Service Corps was established for children under the age of 15. They primarily supported the efforts of recycling during WWII. They would pass out fliers and string, educate households on how to properly secure waste paper, and how much each household should salvage each month based on quotas set by the War Production Board (WPB).