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The American Library Association (ALA) is a non-profit organization that supports and promotes libraries, library professionals and library education. The ALA supported the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) in hope that the states would ratify the ERA by 1982.
The Equal Rights Amendment is a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution to guarantee equal rights for women. This amendment was first introduced in 1923, and in 1972 it passed both houses of Congress. Then later in 1977, the amendment received 35 of the 38 state ratifications. But five of these states would rescind their ratifications, and in 1982 the amendment ended and the ERA was not passed. The original deadline for this ratification was 1979. This was extended to 1982. There were not enough ratifications by the 1982 deadline. The amendment is reintroduced in every session of Congress.