Belle and Beast dancing with floral swag in corner on purple background.
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Walt Disney first attempted unsuccessfully to adapt Beauty and the Beast into an animated film during the 1930s and 1950s. Following the success of The Little Mermaid (1989), Walt Disney Pictures decided to try again and adapt the fairy tale. The film was directed by Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise, with a screenplay by Linda Woolverton story first credited to Roger Allers. Lyricist Howard Ashman and composer Alan Menken wrote the film's songs. Ashman, who additionally served as the film's executive producer, died of AIDS-related complications six months before the film's release, and the film is thus dedicated to his memory. Beauty and the Beast premiered as an unfinished film at the New York Film Festival on September 29, 1991, followed by its theatrical release as a completed film at the El Capitan Theatre on November 13. The film grossed $425 million at the box office worldwide on a $25 million budget. Beauty and the Beast won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy, the first animated film to ever win that category. Disney’s Beauty and the Beast (1991) became the first animated feature to be nominated for a best-picture Oscar at the 64th Academy Awards, where it won the Academy Award for Best Original Score and Best Original Song for its title song and received additional nominations for Best Original Song and Best Sound. In April 1994, Beauty and the Beast became Disney's first animated film to be adapted into a Broadway musical. The success of the film spawned two direct-to-video follow-ups: Beauty and the Beast: The Enchanted Christmas (1997) and Beauty and the Beast: Belle's Magical World (1998), both of which take place in the timeline of the original. This was followed by a spin-off television series, Sing Me a Story with Belle.
Beauty and the Beast. (1991, November 22). Retrieved November 17, 2019, from https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0101414/.
Sklar, R., & Andrew, D. (2019, January 25). Propaganda. Retrieved November 17, 2019, from https://www.britannica.com/art/motion-picture/Propaganda#ref1049130.
Beauty and the Beast (1991 film). (2019, November 13). Retrieved November 17, 2019, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beauty_and_the_Beast_(1991_film).