Image of General Douglas MacArthur. Red and white background
General Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964) was an American general who is most well-known for many attributes during his military service. A graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, MacArthur started his military career by helping to lead the 42nd Division in France during World War I. During World War II, MacArthur served as a commander in the Southwest Pacific. MacArthur famously returned to the Philippines in 1944 to assist in the liberation of the country after it had fallen to Japan. MacArthur also played a key role in the successful Allied occupation of Japan following the war. Noted for his outspoken and egotistical mannerisms, MacArthur was often perceived as a controversial figure. In 1951, MacArthur clashed with then-President Harry S. Truman over his policies in the Korean War, publicly ridiculing the president. For his supposed insubordination, MacArthur was removed from command. Though removed from command, MacArthur would serve as an advisor to both President John F. Kennedy and President Lyndon B. Johnson during their times in office.