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Richard Nixon served as the 37th President of the United States from 1969 until 1974. During his first term, from 1969 to 1973, he was generally well liked by the American people, as he withdrew America from the Vietnam War and negotiated the release of American POW's and established the Environmental Protection Agency. His second term, however, was steeped in controversy after the Watergate scandal broke in the early 1970s. Once the illegal activities committed by the Nixon administration and the subsequent attempts by Nixon to cover up events were revealed, the impeachment process was initiated. Nixon resigned in August 1974, the only President to do so, before the House of Representatives could impeach him.