Illustration of the Mayflower on water over a brick wall with a rock in front of it with blue text around the top and bottom on a white background
Plymouth, Massachusetts was the first permanent settlement of Europeans in New England. It was established by about 100 men and women looking for religious freedom in 1620. Sailing from England, in a merchant ship known as the Mayflower, took them two months on rough seas. When they arrived at Plymouth Rock, the settlers made treaties with local Native American tribes and set about farming the land and building their economy. After a brutal first winter, during which about half of the settlers died of illness, the colony grew into a self-sufficient port city.
Plymouth Colony. (2009, December 18). Retrieved April 29, 2019, from https://www.history.com/topics/colonial-america/plymouth