Grumpy, personified light bulb under black and red text over grey background.
Lyndon Baines Johnson, often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969. While he began his presidency with widespread approval, support for Johnson declined as the public became further upset with both the war and the growing violence at home. Johnson infamously escalated American involvement in the Vietnam War, which stimulated a large, angry antiwar movement. Johnson faced further troubles when summer riots broke out in most major cities after 1965, and crime rates soared. The Democratic Party split into multiple feuding factions, and after Johnson did poorly in the 1968 New Hampshire primary, he ended his bid for reelection.