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The Bricker Amendment is the collective name of a series of proposed amendments to the United States Constitution that was debated by the United States Senate during the 1950s. Named for their sponsor, Republican Senator, John W. Bricker of Ohio, the amendment was designed with the mindset of keeping international affairs from entering American life, especially after World War II. Furthermore, the amendment was also designed to reduce the president's ability to negotiate agreements with foreign powers without the need for congressional approval. Despite attracting early support, the Bricker Amendment would ultimately be blocked by the efforts of President Eisenhower alongside then-Senate Minority Leader Lyndon Johnson, whose interventions made the amendment fail by a single vote in 1954.