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Bob Dole was a United States Representative from Kansas from 1961 to 1969, moving into the Senate in 1969. Dole served as the Senate Republican leader from 1985 until his resignation in 1996. After unsuccessfully running for Vice-President alongside Gerald Ford in 1976, and two failed bids for the Republican nomination for President in 1980 and 1988, Dole finally became the Republican Party's candidate for President in 1996, but was defeated by Democrat Bill Clinton in the general election.
Dole is the only person to have been a party's nominee for both President and Vice President, but was never elected to either office, in the history of the two major U.S. political parties. On the other hand, his former running mate Gerald R. Ford served both as Vice President and as President without being elected to either office.