Photograph of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American born minister that was best known as the leader of the African-American Civil Rights Movement during the 1950's and 60's. King used nonviolent based methods, stemming from his background in the Baptist church, to lead a movement towards racial equality in the South and throughout the entire United States. King lead many marches, sit-in events, and demonstrations as an outcry to the United States to attempt to unite all Americans based off character and not color of skin. King wanted to demonstrate that people of all races could live together in peace and he dreamed of a day when this would be possible. King spoke of a day where racial justice would be for all and that all people would be seen as being created equal, though this was not the case in America during King's life. King was assassinated April 4, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee, four years after winning the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality in a nonviolent manner.