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The 2010 election took place in the middle of President Barack Obama's first term. Republicans won over seven Senate seats from Democrats, and sixty-three in the House, giving them the majority and ending the unified Democratic control of the Presidency and Congress. It was the largest shift in House Representatives since 1948, and it represented a shift in the Republican Party towards a more vocally conservative platform led by the Tea Party. Many Americans were dissatisfied with the Affordable Care Act and were mobilized by the Tea Party movement to vote for Republican candidates over Democratic incumbents, with the general sentiment being disdain for the "trash" of the Democratic party. The overwhelming Republican victory was an indication of growing conservative power in the Republican Party, which would eventually lead to the election of Donald Trump in 2016.
"Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010". U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved from http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2010election.pdf.
Jacobson, Gary C. (2011). "The Republican Resurgence in 2010". Political Science Quarterly. 126: 27–52.