Illustration of a flag with an outer blue edge and white center over black text on a white background
SWEET CAPORAL CIGARETTE BUTTONS MADE BY WHITEHEAD & HOAG CO NEWARK, N.J.
Persia was established by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC and was located in what is now the country of Iran. Cyrus the Great and the subsequent ruling dynasties conquered much of the Middle East and by the 5th century Persia was the largest empire in the world. Combining Persian, Turkish, and Mongol traditions, the lion and the sun became the national emblem of Persia. The lion and the sun are symbols that have been used on flags and banners by Persian rulers and are still used today in Iran. The lion represents divinity and the lineage of the kings and the sun symbolizes the king as ruler of the heavens.