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Sandra Day O'Connor is a retired associate judge who served on the Supreme Court of the United States. First appointed by President Ronald Reagan in 1981, O'Connor was the first woman to serve on the court and stayed in the position until she retired in 2006. O'Connor's time on the Supreme Court saw her play a principle role in many landmark cases. In 1992, O'Connor provided the necessary vote in Planned Parenthood v. Casey to uphold the court's earlier decision on abortion rights in Roe v. Wade. In addition, O'Connor was also the deciding vote in the Bush v. Gore case. The ruling ended the recounting of votes for the 2000 presidential race, which was heavily contested. Thus, George W. Bush was allowed to go on to serve his first term as president. Retiring in 2006, O'Connor continues to stay active. She has authored numerous books and has given lectures throughout the country.