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Strom Thurmond, the former governor of South Carolina, was a presidential candidate during the 1948 election with Fielding Wright, the former governor of Mississippi, as his vice president. They were candidates under the States' Rights Democratic Party, which was also known as the Dixiecrats. The group received support in the southern states of Mississippi, South Carolina, Louisiana, and Alabama because the majority of its population held the belief that the federal government should not interfere with states' rights, especially when it came to civil rights. The popularity of the States' Rights Democratic Party is largely credited with turning the south from a Democratic area to one that supports Republican ideals.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Dixiecrat. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Dixiecrat