White square button with reflective black, green and yellow striped circle in the middle. White text and the image of a warrior with a spear and sheild.
The African National Congress (ANC) is a South African political party which opposed Apartheid. Since Nelson Mandela won the 1994 Presidential election, they have dominated South African politics. This button is in the party's colors. Black represents native South Africans, green represents the land, and gold represents the minerals that make up South Africa's wealth.
Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation) was the military wing of the ANC. They were formed after the 1960 Sharpseville Massacre killed 69 anti-Apartheid protesters. Umkhonto we Sizwe used violence and terrorism to convince the government of South Africa to end Apartheid. Nelson Mandela explained the creation of the Umkhonto we Sizwe as a last resort when peaceful protest was met with violence. He stressed that the goal was still a unified South Africa with freedom for people of all races. The warrior holding a spear and shield was the symbol of this militant wing of the ANC and represents the African warriors who resisted colonial rule.
(2011). Umkhonto we Sizwe. South African History Online: Toward a People's History.