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William Howard Taft was the only person to serve both as President of the United States (27th) and as a Supreme Court Justice. Taft graduated from Yale Law School and was appointed a Federal Circuit Judge at the age of 34. He then held posts as Chief Civil Administrator of the Philippines and Secretary of War. President Theodore Roosevelt encouraged Taft to run as his successor and in 1908, he was nominated by the Republican Convention. Taft won the election but almost immediately ran into conflict with the new Progressive wing of the party.
Taft’s administration saw the establishment of a Postal Savings System, an Interstate Commerce Commission and the initiation of 80 antitrust suits. In the 1912 election, Roosevelt chose to support the Progressive candidate, Woodrow Wilson, which assured his election. Taft was later appointed to the Supreme Court by President Harding and served in that capacity until shortly before his death in 1930. Taft, who never felt comfortable in political life wrote, "I don't remember that I ever was President."